Entlebucher and Health

Entlebucher breeding

The aim of our SWISS ART kennel is to breed this beautiful breed completely according to the strict rules of the FCI and KSSP.

We are members of the Swiss Mountain Dog Club and our kennel is FCI registered.

Our goal is healthy puppies with a well-balanced nature and temperament.

Entlebuchers and health 

The Czech breeding test requires five medical tests, to exclude from breeding any individual with the most common health complications that can affect this race.

They are:

  • ED- elbow dysplasia
  • HP – hip dysplasia
  • hereditary eye defects
  • testing for prcd-PRA gene transfer – progressive retinal atrophy
  • EU – sonographic examination of Ectopic Ureters

Health results April Schatzi Swiss Tricolor

Our breeding female April Schatzi Swiss Tricolor inherited from her parents the best possible medical disposition.

Elbows dysplasia ED 0/0
Hip Dysplasia HD A/A
hereditary eye defects free of all symptoms
prcd-PRA A negative (normal/clear)
Ectopic Ureters EU A


The basic explanation for each examination are presented below:  

X-RAY examination of elbow dysplasia and hip dysplasia  

Dysplasia of elbow joints and hip dysplasia are among the most common diseases of the musculoskeletal system of dogs. They are developmental diseases and in addition to basic inheritance can be affected by external factors in the life of the puppy such as nutrition, growth rate and physical exercise. The examinations carried out by the Club are only by approval specialists.

The result of the examination of ED is expressed in four stages from 0 to 3.

The best result is 0 for both elbow joints: ED 0/0.

ED evaluation result must not be worse than 2.

 ED evaluation Degree of disability
0 normal, healthy elbow joint
1 mild osteoarthritis
2 secondary osteoarthritis
3 severe osteoarthritis – the individual is excluded from breeding

The result of the examination of the HD is expressed in five stages from A to E.

The best result is A for both hip joints: HD A/A.

HD Evaluation result of  must not be worse than C.

HP evaluation  degree of disability
A negative
B border
C mild
D moderate – the individual is exluded from breeding
E  heavy – the individual is exluded from breeding


Hereditary eye defects 

For breeding purposes only individuals who have a negative test for hereditary eye defects which must be no more than two years old are acceptable.

The examination is carried out only by Club approved specialists. Any manifestation of hereditary eye defects excludes the individual from further breeding.

The result must be of the formulation: “The animal is free of any clinical signs of hereditary eye diseases”.


Testing for prcd-PRA carrying gene-progressive retinal atrophy

Progressive retinal atrophy is a hereditary eye disease in which light-capturing cells in the eye die which results in inevitable blindness at the age of 4-6.

Because this is a hereditary disease, only individuals with the result A (normal/clear) or B (carrier) are allowed to the breed.

A very good explanation for genetic transfer of prcd-PRA you can find on the website of OPTIGEN laboratory.

Examination must be carried out only by a Club approved genetic laboratory.

Sonographic examination: ectopic ureters

An ectopic ureter is a congenital anomaly of the urinary duct, in which the ureteral orifice is inappropriately positioned caudal to the urinary bladder. The result of this hereditary defect inevitably leads to repeated incontinence and inflammation of the bladder and kidneys.

The result of the correctness of the outflow of the ureter is given in three grades A, B or C.

The best result is A.

The result of the EU must be A or B.

 the result of the EU
the clinical significance of
EU A normal position, animal  will be clinically entirely healthy
EU B one or two ureters flow into the neck of the bladder, without clinical symptoms
EU C always with clinical symptoms – the individual is excluded from breeding